Copyright

COPYRIGHT

What is Copyright?

From the US Copyright Office: Copyright is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. Copyright covers both published and unpublished works.

 

What does copyright protect?

Copyright is a form of intellectual property law and protects original works of author-ship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture. Copyright does not protect facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation, although it may protect the way these things are expressed.

 

What is Fair Use?

From the US Copyright Office: Copyright is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. Copyright covers both published and unpublished works.

 

What is Copyright?

The doctrine of fair use has developed through a substantial number of court decisions over the years and has been codified in section 107 of the copyright law.
Section 107 contains a list of the various purposes for which the reproduction of a particular work may be considered fair, such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Section 107 also sets out four factors to be considered in determining whether or not a particular use is fair.
1. The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial
nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes
2. The nature of the copyrighted work
3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole
4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work
The distinction between what is fair use and what is infringement in a particular case will not always be clear or easily defined.
Examples of fair use are excerpts of a copyrighted work, such as:
A single screenshot of a computer program or game that would normally be used by an advertiser. You can use an introductory screen in a game, but not one that shows how to complete steps or levels.
A one or two sentence summary of an article. Just enough to give a working idea of the con-tent. Full paragraphs and embedded objects are not included.
A copy of a sentence or short paragraph from an article with all unnecessary words and phrases snipped out.
A paragraph, or even a page, from a substantial book may be copied if it is essential for the purpose of the description being written. Normally, a small excerpt is considered “Fair Use” because it is simply a quotation and not a substantial copy of content.

 

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is defined as “any passing off of another’s ideas, words, or work as one’s own.” It is a form of cheating and a violation of Copyright Law, and is taken seriously.

 

Avoid Plagiarism and Copyright Violations

The simplest cases of plagiarism to avoid are the intentional ones: If you copy a paper from a classmate, buy a paper from the Internet, copy whole passages from a book, article, or Web site without citing the author, you are plagiarizing.
1. Always use quotation marks for directly quoted material, even for short phrases and key terms.
2. Keep a record of your sources and where you use them in your paper.
3. Paraphrase correctly.
4. Never cut and paste information from an electronic source straight into your own paper.

 

For help in your research needs contact the USACHCS Librarian at the library
Monday – Friday
9:00 – 18:00
Or make an appointment at
803-751-8828


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